Personality type refers to the psychological classification of different types of individuals
Classification of people based on psychological norms always created controversies. Many individuals believe that intelligence and attitude cannot be measured with a fixed set of norms, nevertheless, classifications and assessments are utilized in various levels of life.
Intelligence shall be defined as the abilities for abstract thought, understanding, communication, reasoning, learning, planning, emotional intelligence and problem solving. We the human species are proud of our intelligence, unfortunately the same intelligence has been utilized in degrading the grace of the race too.
The most popular classifications of personality types include introvert and extrovert. Lets see the definitions first
Introversion :- the state of or tendency toward being wholly or predominantly concerned with and interested in one’s own mental life
Extroversion :- “the act, state, or habit of being predominantly concerned with and obtaining gratification from what is outside the self”
In simple terms extroverts and introverts are distinguished by the way they interact socially and an explanation is needless at this point.
Now lets move on to the real question,how can we relate Intelligence with personality types? Can we establish any formula between intelligence and personality types? at the end the most interesting question, are introverts more intelligent than the extroverts?
What is the base of such a question? Introverts are not so very comfortable being in groups, especially when they are pushed to be under the limelight. They enjoy being alone,being themselves and thinking about the self. On contrary extroverts are excited to get out of the limitations of a room and see the world and its happenings. They enjoy interacting with people around them.
Some people define extroversion as bravery. They feel that an extrovert has the ability to do anything in front of others which cannot even imagined by an introvert. The inability of an introvert could be the result of a learning.
This point requires a bit of explanation. Let me take the easiest instrument to expand the point. Transactional analysis is the instrument here. Eric Berne introduced three Ego-states namely Parent Ego, Adult Ego and Child Ego. Our behaviour is a mixture of these Ego-states.
I will explain parent ego for the cause. Parent Ego is also known as the taught ego. The word itself is sufficient to explain the point.Act as you learned from a parent or a parent figure. It could be a replication of the action of that person in a similar situation. The replication may not contain reasoning. for example A is telling B not to drink cold water in the night, because A’s mother told her that she may get a throat pain by doing so. If we take a survey of people who got throat pain after drinking cold water in the night, the percentage could be very less. The point here is, we believe certain norms and try to follow it if those norms are introduced by a parent or a parent figure.
The ego-state may influence your behaviour and hence the perception of others about you. The parent ego can create constrains on your behaviour as per your family background. You may find certain actions inappropriate for the place and occasion. that may contribute to your introversion.
Another aspect, an introvert may spend more time for himself. He may utilize his time for observing others, learning from the world and expanding the knowledge. His introversion may not be a natural inability to communicate but a choice. In that case the introvert may be more intelligent than many other extroverts.
But we cannot formulate that an extrovert will never spend time for him and his own development. We can easily find many extroverts with exceptional level of intelligence. Interactions with people will always give you more opportunity to learn about others, which can be more effective than remote observation. You will enhance your inter personal skills by interactions.
Ultimately we can come into a conclusion that the personality type alone cannot determine the level of intelligence in a person since the personality type is the product of various factors including the past of the person. It is also important to understand that there are more types of personalities than very vague classification like extrovert and introvert especially when the modern trait theories do not consider introversion and extroversion as two distinct options.and the term Ambiversion also have importance. Since the scope of the subject is wide i will include it in a different article.